Welcome to Srilanka

CLIMATE & SEASONS

Sri Lanka enjoys a tropical climate without extremes of temperature. It averages 800F (270C) in Colombo and its suburbs, rising to as much as 1000F (380C) in the semi-arid northwest and cooling off to 610F (160C) at higher elevations of the central hill country. Tropical monsoons mean rains at a stretch for months. Sri Lanka certainly has no dearth of rains as it has two monsoons The southwest monsoon mainly affects the southern, western and central regions during May to July; while the northeast monsoon brings rain to the north and east from November to January. The Indian Ocean’s warm tropical embrace seems to linger in a caress at this, the very edge of Eden, spearheading the subcontinent’s. Plunge south to seas that lie unbroken by any other land - mass until they shift and shape the icy shores of mighty Antarctica.

WEATHER REPORT

To check the daily weather, visit http://www.meteo.gov.lk

DEMOGRAPHY, LANGUAGE & RELIGION

Sri Lanka’s population is 21 million. It comprises a spectrum of different people, namely, Sinhalese (74%) ; indigenous and Indian Tamils (12.6% and 5% respectively) Moors and Malays (9%); and “Burghers and others” (0.4%), a loose application of the Hollanders’ word for “city-dweller” covering European colonists and their Eurasian descendants of Portuguese, Dutch and British ancestry. “Others” covers races and religions as diverse as the progeny of African Negroes brought over by the Portuguese; merchants, monks, mercenaries and mendicants of all hues from many lands from Malaya to the Mediterranean; Chinese traders; Parsees from Gujarat, Punjabis, Sindhis, Chetties, Borahs and Afghans; and spectrum of minorities such as Ahikuntakayas (snakecharmers). Residual descendants of aboriginal veddahs still remain in remote regions the legendary Nittaewo (pygmies) having vanished long ago. The population growth rate of Sri Lanka is 0.982% which was last estimated in 2007. Birth rate and death rate, which are important determinants of the over all population growth, are 17 birth/1000 population and 6.01 deaths/1000 population respectively.

Sri Lanka is a multi-religious country tolerant of all faiths, and it is not unusual to come across a Buddhist Temple, Hindu Kovil, Mosque and Christian Church, each with its own distinctive architecture, in close proximity to on another. Buddhists constitute the majority (69%); Hindus (15.5%) Muslims (9%) and Christians (7.5%) Sri Lanka’s literacy rate is 88.6%.

Sinhala and Tamil are official languages in Sri Lanka. Sinhala, an lndoAryan tongue, is the language of the majority Sinhalese while Tamil, a Dravidian language is spoken by Tamils and Muslims. English is widely spoken and understood. Place names and sign-boards on buses and trains are usually in all three languages.